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Education and Redlining

  • 1.  Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-28-2019 07:52 PM
    Baltimore, my home town, has been in the news lately. Baltimore, not unlike a lot of urban cities in America, has a long history with segregation, redlining, and other systemic policies that impact poor people; especially poor Black people.

    Here are a couple of related articles:

    What are your thoughts on how we, as early childhood educators, can address the generational consequences of redlining and it's impact on the opportunity gap?

    There are some great books on redlining. I'm currently reading The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America by Richard Rothstein. Are you reading any others? Are there resources we should post in our forum? 

    Tonya Satchell
    Columbia MD

  • 2.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-29-2019 01:44 PM

    Thank you for posting this Tonya. Step one would be acknowledging institutional oppressions. Step two would be get out of the deficit mindset. People with the best intentions often start with blaming communities that have been redlined, blaming families. People start with how can we make them (the marginalized) listen to us and understand us and make it easier for me. 

    The Color of Law, excellent book. 

    I just bought We Got This: Equity, Access, and the Quest to Be Who Our Students Need Us to Be by Cornelius Minor. Hope to share what I learn here. 

    Sally Williams
    Director/Education Specialist
    Tempe, Arizona
    Las Vegas, Nevada

  • 3.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-30-2019 01:35 AM
    Baltimore has lots of problems like lots of other cities that have been run into the ground(Sanfrancisco,Philly, Chicago, LA, Seattle etc. )   Why.???   Larry Elder will tell you about Redding get but it might not be what you want to hear. I lived in Md. any use to go to Baltimore for crabs with my parents -Houses etc.   I remember the row houses we would  see on the other our drive through Baltimore to go to New York.Like every city some have to the dumps. It is sad for the people  because they suffer. They Need Jobs and good schools with  choices and vouchers. I am a preschool teacher. I taught in Garret Park and West Rockville. People need protection in their cities not standdow from the police and can't gun laws. How come the gangs and criminals can carry guns. That is very odd. The people are special  but the  city like others need some    work.  They need father's in the family not welfare. Get a job . Have skills. Get  skills and training. People just want to be so they can suceed. Enjoy the day. It is nice out. 

  • 4.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-30-2019 08:59 AM

    Here are some recent papers on the reality and effects of redlining.

    Redlining Louisville Project: Early Lessons Learned

    J Dunlap, J Poe - Bridges, 2017 -

    Imagine if all your hard work and aspirations were crippled by a small handful of individuals with

    low expectations for your future success, credibility or worth. Read about the redlining practices

    in America that did just that … All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers …

    The legacy of redlining in the effect of foreclosures on Detroit residents' self-rated health

    E McClure, L Feinstein, E Cordoba, C Douglas… - Health & place, 2019 - Elsevier

    Historical practices, such as housing discrimination in Detroit, have been shown to have

    lasting impacts on communities. Perhaps the most explicit example is the practice of

    redlining in the 1930s, whereby lenders outlined financially undesirable neighborhoods …

    Epistemic injustice and epistemic redlining

    MD Doan - Ethics and Social Welfare, 2017 - Taylor & Francis

    ABSTRACT The practice of Emergency Management in Michigan raises anew the question

    of whose knowledge matters to whom and for what reasons, against the background of what

    projects, challenges, and systemic imperatives. In this paper, I offer a historical overview of …

    Pockets of Poverty: The Long-Term Effects of Redlining

    I Appel, J Nickerson - Available at SSRN 2852856, 2016 -

    This paper studies the long-term effects of redlining policies that restricted access to credit in

    urban communities. For empirical identification, we use a regression discontinuity design

    that exploits boundaries from maps created by the Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) …

    Digital Redlining: The Nextdoor App and the Neighborhood of Make-Believe

    K Lambright - Cultural Critique, 2019 - JSTOR

    In the so-called long, hot summer of 1967, more than 150 riots took place throughout

    America-from Detroit to Tampa, Minneapolis to Newark. President Lyndon B. Johnson

    established the Kerner Commission to investigate the causes of the widespread unrest. The …

    Redlining: Lasting Scars in the City of Dayton

    JM Malone - 2018 -

    Redlining, a practice of systematic discrimination against African Americans in the

    distribution of home loans, left scars on the city of Dayton that can still be seen in housing

    patterns today. These patterns have a ripple effect not only on housing, but also on issues …

    The effects of the 1930s HOLC "redlining" maps

    D Aaronson, DA Hartley, B Mazumder - 2017 -

    In the wake of the Great Depression, the Federal government created new institutions such

    as the Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC) to stabilize housing markets. As part of that

    effort, the HOLC created residential security maps for over 200 cities to grade the riskiness of …

    Historic Redlining and Asthma Exacerbations Across Eight Cities of California: A Foray into How Historic Maps Are Associated with Asthma Risk

    A Nardone, N Thakur, JR Balmes - D96. ENVIRONMENTAL …, 2019 -

    Rationale Asthma health disparities persist across race and socioeconomic groups in the

    USA. While increased exposure to environmental pollutants and potential genetic are likely

    contributors, asthma is also thought to be driven by structural risk factors. While many …

    Spatial Supermarket Redlining and Neighborhood Vulnerability: A Case Study of H artford, C onnecticut

    M Zhang, D Ghosh - Transactions in GIS, 2016 - Wiley Online Library

    The disinclination of chain supermarkets to locate or relocate existing stores from inner city

    impoverished neighborhoods to affluent suburbs is termed 'spatial supermarket redlining'.

    This study attempts to map and understand the effects of potential spatial supermarket …

    New spatially continuous indices of redlining and racial bias in mortgage lending: links to survival after breast cancer diagnosis and implications for health disparities …

    KMM Beyer, Y Zhou, K Matthews, A Bemanian… - Health & place, 2016 - Elsevier

    Racial health disparities continue to be a serious problem in the United States and have

    been linked to contextual factors, including racial segregation. In some cases, including

    breast cancer survival, racial disparities appear to be worsening. Using the Home Mortgage

    Thank you for starting this conversation Tonya. 

    Sally Williams
    Director/Education Specialist
    Tempe, Arizona
    Las Vegas, Nevada

  • 5.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-31-2019 11:35 AM

    As part of the Johns Hopkins Health system, I would like to share what has been initiated and is getting rave reviews! Below is an excerpt from the program.  The philosophy behind this is to reach out and make a difference!

    The Johns Hopkins Summer Jobs Program is sponsored by The Johns Hopkins Health System and The Johns Hopkins University. The program provides Baltimore City students the opportunity to complete a six-week paid internship in one of various departments throughout the institution. It promotes exposure to careers and workplace culture, while providing an educational experience that fosters personal responsibility.

    Bonnie Hendershot
    JHBMC Child Dev. Center
    Dundalk MD

  • 6.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-31-2019 12:02 PM
    Thank You Ms. Hendershot!

    Milagros Neu
    Pre-K Teacher
    French American Academy
    Edgewater NJ

  • 7.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 08-05-2019 11:08 PM

    I am rewriting my thoughts since proof reading was not on my plan.  What a nightmare. Baltimore has lots of problems like other cities that have been allowed to get there {San Francisco, Philly, Chicago, L.A., Seattle, etc.}.Why??Larry Elder will tell you his thoughts about Redlining but it may not be how you understand it. I grew up in Maryland and use to go to Baltimore for crabs with my parents. I also remember the row houses we would see on our drive through the city to get to New York. Like many cities the neighborhoods change. It is sad for the people who take care of their property because the whole neighborhood suffers.

    People need jobs and good schools in their communities. Parents need school choice for their children. I have been a Preschool teacher in Arizona and taught public school in Md. at West Rockville and Garret Park where one of my Preschoolers moved and went to Kindergarten.  We are all a work in progress. People need skills and training to get a job. We all want to succeed and

    sometimes struggle to accomplish this goal. It doesn't matter what our  background is we just  need a chance to go forward in order to believe in our self.   I have been reading Thomas Sowell's book on Discrimination and Disparities and it talks about similar ideas of the effects of redlining that was mentioned in some of the recent papers concerning the topic. Thanks again for the info. Susan









  • 8.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 08-05-2019 11:10 PM

    I just sent you a correction, I hope you got it.


  • 9.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-31-2019 11:59 AM
    RE: Education and Redlining:

    Thank You Sally for all the information you have issued, I plan to buy the book you mentioned! I feel strongly and emotional about neighborhoods that are improvised with lack of educational support for many of our children. It is easy to give viewpoints to parents who are living below their income needs and with children who need a good solid education to get them out of poverty. I grew up in one of those neighborhoods in New York  an area called " East New York" (Brooklyn). My parents worked (dad) maintenance worker for the MET in New York- union job (mom) a factory worker/family of five -we all went to college even though we lived in this urban area. My point, you can imagine the lacklash my siblings and I got from discrimination from schools,housing ,employment and medical hospitals. Sadly, to say that we still face these negative comments that is voiced so openly this is one of the reasons why I became an Early Childhood Educator to uplift "All Children" who live in urban areas that if you work hard enough you can achieve knowing that everyday will be a struggle but a struggle worth while.

    Milagros Neu
    Pre-K Teacher
    French American Academy
    Edgewater NJ

  • 10.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 08-02-2019 04:58 PM
    Hi Susan,
    I agree that people need jobs and good schools. I wish no one had to rely on vouchers and lottery systems to get a good education. Seems that having your zip code define the quality of your school just continues to perpetuate the cycle of poverty, no? I also don't know if "fathers...not welfare" is the solution to the generational impacts of redlining and systematic racism. It seems more complicated than that to me!

    Tonya Satchell
    Columbia MD

  • 11.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 08-06-2019 09:18 PM

    Hello Tanya, I am rewriting my thoughts about redlining since proof reading did not happen. Sorry.. Baltimore has lots of problems like other cities {San Francisco, Chicago, L. A. etc.} Cities have challenges like people. Larry Elder has spoken on redlining and may have a different reasoning. I lived in Maryland and I use to go to Baltimore for crabs with my parents. I also remember the row houses we would see and people making sure they looked just so as we drove to New York.    Neighborhoods seem to experience changes just as cities do.   It is sad for the people who take care of their property because the whole neighborhood suffers. I have been a  Pre-school  teacher in Arizona for many years.  I was also a teacher in public schools in Maryland at West Rockville and Garret Park. One of my Preschool students moved to Maryland and went to Garret Park for kindergarten where I   taught 1st grade.  We are all a work in progress. People need the skills and training to be successful at a job.  Most people will succeed and struggle at different levels. It doesn't matter where we come from but what we accomplish and that we are given a chance to go forward in what we do. I struggled  myself so  I know things don't come easy as we wish. I saw the list of papers on redlining and many of them had the same concerns as a book I was reading by Thomas Sowell "Discrimination and Disparities".  Thanks for the list and there seems to be no easy way to resolve this challenge.  Adios.  Thanks for listening to me again. Susan

  • 12.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 08-02-2019 04:51 PM
    Hi Sally,
    Thanks for the tip on "We Got This..." I'll have to check out the book. When I googled it, I came across this podcast and I thought I'd share here:

    Tonya Satchell
    Columbia MD

  • 13.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 07-30-2019 07:32 PM
    Hello Tonya,

    Thank you very much for bringing up the generational impact of redlining. My current thinking is a first step in response to your question is to make a commitment to work together to create safe spaces to be able to talk about topics like redlining connected, to me, to the larger issue of structured racism. As an early childhood educator who is in the beginning phase of learning about and developing deep understandings of structural racism, I find myself sensitive to want to act truthfully and with respect with those who I have the opportunity to discuss a topic like redlining. I found, thus far, being patient as the safe space is fully created makes a difference in the quality of conversations I am able to have with a diverse group of colleagues and friends.

    When the safe space has been created, I have found it is possible to have truthful, authentic conversations. An important ground rule I learned is to get agreement among everyone that mistakes will be made as thoughts are expressed; some received as disrespectful and painful for some people and that when this occurs, agreement to be made aware of this and together work through the feelings, emotions and thoughts leading to becoming more respectful of each other.

    Robert Gundling, Ed.D.
    Better Futures LLC
    Senior Consultant
    Washington, DC

  • 14.  RE: Education and Redlining

    Posted 08-02-2019 05:01 PM
    Hi Robert! 
    I agree with you that we need more safe spaces to have these conversations! That's the first step to moving towards a solution in my opinion.

    Tonya Satchell
    Columbia MD